103.1 Define the purpose of the
Naval Aviation Safety Program
Their primary objective is to preserve human and
material resources. The program enhances operational readiness by
preserving the resources used in accomplishing the naval aviation
mission. The human resources include professional pride, high morale,
physical well being, and life itself, all of which are susceptible to
damage and destruction caused by mishaps. Material resources include
property which may be damaged by an aircraft mishap including naval
aircraft, ships, facilities, and weapons.
103.2 Explain the safety
responsibilities of the following personnel:
Commanding Officer- The CO will require that
persons are instructed and drilled in all safety precautions and
procedures, that they are complied with, and that applicable safety
precautions are posted. In instances where safety precautions have
not been issued, the CO will issue or augment such safety precautions
as deemed necessary.
- Aviation Safety Officer- The
Aviation Safety Officer is the principle advisor to the CO on all
aviation safety matters. He/she will advise and assist the CO in the
establishment and management of a Command Aviation Safety Program,
maintain appropriate aviation safety records and mishap statistics.
He/she will coordinate safety matters among the organization staff.
- Ground Safety Officer- The
Ground Safety Officer is the principle advisor to the CO on all
ground safety matters. He/she will advise and assist the CO in the
establishment and management of a Command Ground Safety Program,
maintain appropriate ground safety records and mishap statistics.
Additionally, he/she will coordinate safety matters among the
- Department Head- The
Department Head coordinates the department's safety program with the
unit's Safety Officer and supervises the Department's Division Safety
Officer. They ensure that all safety precautions are strictly
observed by all persons within the department and all others
concerned. He/she will ensure that safety precautions are kept posted
and personnel are frequently and thoroughly instructed and drilled.
- Division Officer- The
Division Officer will ensure that personnel comply with all safety
instructions. He/she will prepare and submit for publication
additional safety instructions deemed necessary for Command safety.
- Safety Petty Officer- The
Safety PO will ensure that personnel are instructed in all safety
matters and are familiar in safety instructions. He/she will be a
central point for all safety related matters or concerns within a
- All hands- All personnel will
familiarize themselves with safety regulations and instructions
applicable to themselves and their assigned duties. They will comply
with established safety standards, and report hazards and mishaps in
accordance with their Command Safety Program and OPNAVINST 3750.6.
103.3 Explain the functions of
the Safety Council/Enlisted Safety Committee.
A Safety Council is formed to set goals, manage
assets, and review safety related recommendations. These Councils are
formed in activities that are large in number such as an aircraft
squadron or air station or larger. A record of meetings is kept. The
council will review command plans, policies, procedures, conditions,
and instructions for accuracy, content, currency, and responsiveness
to corrective recommendations.
The ground, aviation, and aeromedical (flight surgeon)
safety officers must be standing members of the council. The Enlisted
Safety Committee is formed of representatives from each work center
and other activities, such as AIMD, Medical, etc. They will meet once
a month and discuss safety issues and provide recommendations
for improved safety procedures.
103.4 Discuss how the following
contribute to aviation mishaps:
Human error- Human error causes an alarmingly
high number of mishaps. Human error is part of nearly every mishap.
It includes those personnel who may have maintained or repaired
equipment or even the worker at the factory where a part was
manufactured. Human error involves both physical and mental factors
including ergonomics (design of the workplace), physical strength of
the individual, physical stress, and mental factors including the
person's attitude, behavorial factors, etc.
- Maintenance and support factors- Maintenance
and support factors include improper maintenance, inproper priority
assignments on work requests, or lack of proper quality assurance.
Mishaps may occurr from the way the manufacturer made, assembled, or
installed the equipment. Material damage and personnel injury mishaps
can result from improperly maintained equipment.
- Administrative and supervisory
factors- Reviewing whether regulations and their enforcement by
all levels in the chain of command could have contributed to the
mishap is essential during a mishap investigation. Mishaps can result
from an improper level of supervision or a failure to require
personnel to meet personnel qualification standards. They can result
from a lack of formal and informal training.
- Material failures or
malfunctions- Consider all material failures and malfunctions
thoroughly, whether the failures or malfunctions occurred because of
faulty design, defective manufacture, or repair. Most mishaps blamed
on material failure may really involve maintenance factors or human error.
- Environmental factors- Very
few mishaps are caused by "acts of God." The cause of a
mishap may be excessive speed for existing sea conditions or failure
to secure for sea. Being struck by lightening may be an act of God,
but being outside during a thunderstorm was a contributing cause,
therefore, the mishap was probably preventable. Environmental factors
include extreme exposure to heat, cold, vibration, noise,
illumination, radiation, or atmospheric contaminants.
103.5 Define the following
Class A- The resulting total cost of reportable
material property damage is $1,000,000 or more; or an injury or
occupational illness results in a fatality or permanent total disability.
- Class B- The resulting total
cost of reportable material or property damage is $200,000 or more,
but less than $1,000,000; or an injury or occupational illness
results in permanent partial disability; or three or more personnel
are inpatient hospitalized.
- Class C- The resulting total
cost of reportable material or property damage is $10,000 or more,
but less than $200,000; a non-fatal injury that causes any loss of
time beyond the day or shift on which it occurred; or a non-fatal
illness or disease that causes loss of time from work or disabilty at
any time (lost time case). For reporting purposes, reportable lost
workday Class C mishaps are those which result in 5 or more lost
workdays beyond the date of injury or onset of illness (exceptions apply).
- Class D- The resulting total
cost of reportable material or property damage is less than $10,000
or a non-fatal injury no lost time or first aid case) that does not
meet the criteria of a Class C mishap.
103.6 State the objective of the
Aviation Gas-Free Engineering Program.
The objective of the AVGFE Program is to ensure a safe
environment is maintained when working on aeronautical equipment fuel systems.
103.7 Explain the hazards
associated with Radio Frequency (RF) energy.
Radio frequency energy can generate electrical
currents and/or voltage large enough to cause life-threatening
electric shock, burns, biological changes, and cataracts. Premature
or unwanted activation of electro-explosive devices (EED) in
ordnance, can cause sparks and arcs which may ignite flammable materials.
103.8 State the purpose of the
Laser Safety Hazard Control Program.
The program is to design a series of safety factors
established when using lasers. These include appointing a Laser
System Safety Officer, establishing safety regulations and standard
operating procedures, eyeware, posting warning signs, training,
safety surveys, medical surveillance, etc.
103.9 State the purpose of a
safety stand down.
Safety stand downs are used to devote time to safety
training, awareness, and enhancement of the commands safety climate.
103.10 Discuss the concept of
Operational Risk Management (ORM)
Operational Risk Management is a systematic,
decisionmaking process used to identify and manage hazards that
endanger naval resources. ORM is a tool used to make informed
decisions by providing the best baseline of knowledge and experience
available. Its purpose is to increase operational readiness by
anticipating hazards and reducing the potential for success to gain
the competitive advantage in combat. ORM is not just related to naval
aviation; it applies across the warfighting spectrum.
103.11 Explain the following
terms as they apply to ORM:
Identify hazards- Begin with an outline or
chart of the major steps in the operation or operational analysis.
Next, conduct a preliminary hazard analysis by listing all of the
hazards associated with each step in the operational analysis along
with possible causes for those hazards.
- Assess hazards- For each
hazard identified, determine the associated degree of risk in terms
of probability and severity. Although not required, the use of a
matrix may be helpful in assessing hazards.
- Make risk decisions- Develop
risk control options. Start with the most serious risk first and
select controls that will reduce the risk to a minimum consistent
with mission accomplishment. With selected controls in place, decide
if the benefit of the operation outweighs the risk. If risk outweighs
benefit or if assistance is required to implement controls,
communicate with higher authority in the chain of command.
- Implement controls- The
following measures can be used to eliminate hazards or reduce the
degree of risk. These include: Engineering controls, administrative
controls, and personnel protective equipment.
- Supervise- Conduct follow-up
evaluations of the controls to ensure they remain in place and have
the desired effect. Monitor for changes which may require further
ORM. Take corrective action when necessary.